Dental Implants, Bone & Tissue Regeneration – Glossary

Below are terms your clinician may use when discussing treatment options for dental implants, bone and tissue regeneration.

For additional information read about the benefits of dental implants.

Bone Augmentation

A surgical procedure aimed to increase the size of a bony site, before or together with implant placement.

Bone Graft

A material that encourages bone growth by creating a framework, or by releasing biologic stimulators or triggers, which allow bone cell attachment, proliferation, migration and maturation to bone. Bone grafts may be from the same or another individual, synthetic or naturally occurring.

Barrier Membrane

A separating structure or barrier that prevents unwanted tissues (usually soft tissue) from entering a space created to restore lost bone.

Degradable Membrane / Resorbable Membrane

A membrane that is designed to serve as a barrier until no longer needed. The membrane is then degraded by tissue enzymes, or simply dissolves.

Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR)

A technique in which a membrane is placed over a bone defect site to encourage new bone growth and direct its formation while preventing other tissues from interfering with osteogenesis.

Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR)

Treatment of wound tissue using microporous membranes as barriers, so that only specific, desired types of cells can enter the wound and regenerate.

Maxillary Sinus Augmentation / Elevation

A procedure to increase the amount of bone in the cavity of the sinus (empty space) that is located in the posterior areas of the maxilla (the upper jaw). This is usually done before, or together with dental implant placement. Bone graft and barrier membranes are usually used for this purpose.

Non-degradable Membrane

A membrane, that when its barrier effect is no longer needed, has to be removed.


The process of creating bone, that is of transforming cartilage or fibrous tissue into bone.


An ossifying collagen sponge is powered by our clinically proven GLYMATRIX® core technology. When it was launched worldwide, OSSIX™ Bone was a finalists for the Dental Excellence Best New Restorative Material 2018, selected by DrBicuspid.com readers and an expert panel.


An ossifying resorbable barrier membrane, made of pure collagen cross-linked by a natural sugar (ribose). OSSIX® Plus is powered by our clinically GLMATRIX® technology and has unique properties for maintaining the barrier effect for 4-6 months.

OSSIX® Volumax

An volumzing, ossifying collagen scaffold is powered by our clinically proven GLYMATRIX® core technology. When it was launched worldwide, OSSIX® Volumax was awarded the Dental Excellence Best New Restorative Material 2017, selected by DrBicuspid.com readers and an expert panel.

Periodontal Membrane

A thin sheet-like usually nonautologous (not from same body) material used in various periodontal regenerative procedures.


Regrowth of lost or destroyed parts or organs.
The process of repair, reproduction, or replacement of lost or injured cells, tissues, or organs.

Also called neogenesis.

Regenerative Procedure

Guided bone or tissue regenerative procedures that regenerate lost bone and tissue supporting your teeth can reverse some of the damage caused by periodontal disease.
A periodontist may recommend a regenerative procedure when the bone supporting teeth has been destroyed due to periodontal disease. These procedures can reverse some of the damage by regenerating lost bone and tissue.
During this procedure, the periodontist folds back the gum tissue and removes the disease-causing bacteria. Membranes (filters), bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins can be used to encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue.
Eliminating existing bacteria and regenerating bone and tissue helps to reduce pocket depth and repair damage caused by the progression of periodontal disease. With a combination of daily oral hygiene and professional maintenance care, one can increase the chances of keeping natural teeth – and decrease the chances of other health problems associated with periodontal disease. (American Academy of Periodontology)

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